ALCOHOL MISUSE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DYSFUNCTIONS

mental health issues not only result from consuming too much alcohol. They can even compel people to drink too much.

There is some evidence associating light alcohol consumption with improved health in some adults. Between 1 and 3 drinks daily have been found to help defend against heart disease, dementia, and Alzheimer's Disease, and a little glass of red wine everyday may decrease risk of stroke in females. There is far more evidence demonstrating that drinking excessive alcohol leads to serious physical and psychological illnesses. Stated very simply, a major reason for drinking alcohol is to change our mood - or change our mental state. Alcohol can temporarily alleviate feelings of anxiety and depression; it can also help to temporarily relieve the symptoms of more serious mental health conditions. Alcohol conditions are more common among people with more severe mental health issues. This does not necessarily mean that alcohol provokes severe emotional disorder. Drinking to deal with difficult feelings or symptoms of mental disorder is sometimes called 'self-medication' by people in the mental health field. This is often why individuals with mental health conditions drink. But it can make existing mental health problems worse. Evidence shows that individuals who consume high amounts of alcohol are vulnerable to higher levels of mental ill health and it can be a contributory factor in some mental diseases, such as depression.

How does drinking affect our moods and mental health?

When we have alcohol in our blood, our mood changes, and our behaviour then also changes. Alcohol depresses the central nervous system, and this can make us less inhibited in our behaviour. Alcohol can also reveal or magnify our underlying feelings. When drinking, this is one of the reasons that many individuals become angry or aggressive. If our underlying feelings are of anger, unhappiness or anxiety, then alcohol can magnify them. What about the after-effects?

When the effects have worn off, one of the main conditions connected with using alcohol to deal with anxiety and depression is that people may feel much worse. Alcohol is thought to use up and reduce the amount of neurotransmitters in the brain, but the brain needs a certain level of neurotransmitters needs to ward off anxiety and depression. This can lead some people to drink more, to ward off these difficult feelings, and a dangerous cycle of dependence can develop.



Alcohol problems are more common among people with more severe mental health issues. If our underlying feelings are of unhappiness, anger or anxiety, then alcohol can magnify them. One of the main issues associated with using alcohol to deal with anxiety and depression is that people may feel much worse when the effects have worn off. Alcohol is thought to use up and reduce the amount of neurotransmitters in the brain, but the brain needs a certain level of neurotransmitters needs to ward off anxiety and depression.

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